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Marina Whitman

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The Presidential historical materials of Marina Whitman are in the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration under the provisions of Title I of the Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act of 1974 (44 U.S.C. 2111 note) and implementing regulations. In accordance with the act and regulations, archivists reviewed the file group to identify personal and private materials (including materials outside the date span covered by the act) as well as nonhistorical items. These materials have been returned to the individual who has primary proprietary interest.

Materials covered by the Act have been archivally processed and are described in this register. Items which are security classified or otherwise restricted under the act and regulations have been removed and placed in a closed file. A Document Withdrawal Record (GSA Form 7279 or NA Form 14021) with a description of each restricted document has been inserted at the beginning of each folder from which materials have been removed. A Document Control Record marks the original position of the withdrawn item. Employees of the National Archives will review periodically the unclassified portions of closed materials for the purpose of opening those which no longer require restriction. Certain classified documents may be declassified under authority of Executive Order 13526 in response to a Mandatory Review Request (NA Form 14020) submitted by the researcher.

  • Linear feet of materials:   10
  • Approximate number of pages:   17,600

Biographical Note

March 6, 1935 Born in New York City

1956 B.A., Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Massachusetts

June 23, 1956 Married Robert Freeman Whitman

1959 M.A., Economics, Columbia University, New York City

1962 Ph.D., Economics, Columbia University

1962-1979 Faculty, University of Pittsburgh

1964-1966 Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Pittsburgh

1966-1971 Associate Professor of Economics, University of Pittsburgh

1970-1971 Senior Staff Economist, Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)

1971-1972 Professor of Economics, University of Pittsburgh

October 1971-February 1972 Member, Price Commission (Economic Stabilization Program)

March 1972 Appointment to CEA

August 1973 Resigned from CEA to return to University of Pittsburgh

Scope and Content Note

Marina von Neumann Whitman was appointed by President Nixon in March 1972 as the first woman member of the CEA. She replaced Paul W. McCracken who resigned at the end of December 1971. Prior to her appointment to the CEA, Mrs. Whitman served from October 1971 through February 1972 on the seven-member Price Commission. Mrs. Whitman's areas of responsibility on the CEA included: analyses of international economic development and policy; price and wage developments; food prices; Economic Stabilization Program; human resources program; industry studies, including agriculture and transportation; environmental programs; international trade; and issues related to regulated industries. She was also an active member of the Committee of 8, a working group made up of representatives from the Cost of Living Council (CLC) and other agencies. This committee was concerned with Phase II planning and the impact of Federal construction policies on inflation. Mrs. Whitman was also active with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Committee of 20. This committee's mandate was directed at the reform of the international monetary system. In this matter, she assisted the Volcker Group, the U.S. working group involved in international monetary negotiations with the IMF countries, under the direction of Undersecretary of the Treasury Paul A. Volcker.

The files are arranged in three series: Administrative File, Speech File, and Subject Files. The Administrative File is arranged by folder title. The Speech File is arranged chronologically. These two series comprise about ten percent of the total volume. The Subject Files are arranged alphabetically by letter, acronym or folder title. Three folders entitled "Correspondence" contain some duplication of materials found in the Administrative File.

Series Description

Boxes:   1
Series:   Administrative File | Folder Title List
Spans:   1971-1973
Description:   Correspondence and travel vouchers relating to Mrs. Whitman's activities on the CEA.

Boxes:   1-2
Series:   Speech File | Folder Title List
Spans:   1972-1973
Description:   Correspondence, drafts of speeches, press releases, papers, and printed material. Topics covered include: Economic Stabilization Program; economic outlook; new economic policy; international monetary reform; international trade; food prices; wage-price controls; and U.S. economic policy. Arranged chronologically by date.

Boxes:   3-22
Series:   Subject Files | Folder Title List
Spans:   1968-1970
Description:   Correspondence, memoranda, telegrams, press releases, papers, charts, tables, reports, printed material, and newspaper clippings. Topics include: economic plans in Japan; effects of tariff reductions on U.S. trade; U.S. trade policy; trade negotiations between U.S. and Canada, U.S. and Japan, and U.S. and the European Community (EC); international economic relations; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); fiscal and monetary policy; Economic Stabilization Program; wage-price controls; reform of international monetary system; exchange rates; reserve assets and convertibility; capital flows; women in the economy; inflation; revenue sharing; tax reform; balance of payments; economy; devaluation of dollar; new economic policy, and Citizens Advisory Council on the Status of Women. Arranged alphabetically by abbreviation, acronym, or folder title.

Folder Title List

Available as a searchable Adobe Acrobat PDFpdf file.

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